1. Rev. William ANDERSON Of Griquatown,1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 son of William ANDERSON 1 7 and Catherine TURNER,1 7 9 was born on Dec 1, 1769 in London, England,1 3 4 7 was christened on Jan 5, 1770,9 died on Sep 24, 1852 in Pacaltsdorp, George District, South Africa1 4 7 aged 82, and was buried in Pacaltsdorp, George District, South Africa.4
General Notes:Rev. William arrived in South Africa as a Missionary from the London Missionary Society in 1800. He was in Griquastad in 1801 and Pacaltsdorp in 1821.
Noted events in his life were:
• Bible Record: Anderson-william-1724-1789-Bible-doc.jpg, 1789. Anderson-william-1724-1789-Bible-doc.jpg
• Historical: 1800, Cape Town South Africa. 10 11 He sailed from England in 1800 for Cape Town and in February 1801 he left with Kicherer for the North West Cape to work among the nomadic Griquas¦¦After 2 months they were 150 miles north of the Zak river on the banks of the Orange river¦¦Growing tired of the nomadic life of the Griquas, he and Nicholas Kramer, another missionary, decided to settle in 1804 at Klaarwater (Griquatown) where they started making gardens and cultivating the soil¦¦The community around them apparently grew as in 1805 a smallpox epidemic carried off about 300 of them¦¦Soon after, William became seriously ill with fever, and was taken back to Cape Town to recover¦¦After his marriage to Maria Johanna Schonken in 1806, he returned to Klaarwater for 3 years, then after a rest again in Cape Town, he returned in 1811, this time with Mr and Mrs Kramer.
• Historical: 1800. 12 P26 of Source adds that he sailed for South Africa in May 1800 arriving in Cape Town in September as part of the second party of LMS Missionaries including Rev.James Read, and 2 Dutch missionaries, Bastian Tromp & A.A¦¦Van der Lingen¦¦
They were preceded by Rev.Dr¦¦J.T.Kemp and party that arrived more than a year earlier.
• Historical: Missionaries at Griquatown, 1800-1824, Griquatown South Africa. 10 13 Are listed on the displayboard of the Mary Moffat Museum as follows:- William ANDERSON 1801/1804-1812¦¦However we know from Peter Anderson's Weapons of Peace, that he served at Griquatown until February 1820¦¦Cornelis KRAMER 1801/1804-1812 Lambert JANSZ 1806-1815 John CAMPBELL 1813-1820 Heinrich Carl Jacob HELM 1816-1824 Robert MOFFAT 1820-1821 John (De) MELVILL 1821-1824
• Occupation: Missionary for the London Missionary Society, 1801, Klaarwater(Griquatown) South Africa And In Pacaltsdorp (Near George) From 1821. 10 14
• Historical: 1801, Griquatown South Africa. The setting up of the Griquatown Mission in 1801 was a historic event¦¦See <http://www.rupert.net/~lkool/TimeLine.html> I found that it was entered in a summary time line history of South Africa -this means that someone sometime said it was critical."1800 First printing press in Cape Town.Government Gazette started.1801Official expedition of Truter, Somerville, Barrow and Daniell - with missionaries Jan Matthys Kok and William Edwards - reaches Dithakong William Anderson establishes mission at Aakaap and Klaarwater (laterGriquatown)¦¦Khoisan spelling book printed by LMS¦¦20 April, Lt.-Gov¦¦Dundas appointed Governor of the Cape¦¦01 March 1803 - January 1806 Batavian Republic rules the Cape
• Death: Jan 23, 1812, Griquastad, Cape Colony, Southern Africa. 10 14 Mrs Kramer, a young and beautiful woman, wife of Cornelius Kramer, who was the faithful and beloved co-worker at Klaarwater with William Anderson, died suddenly during pregnacy¦¦She was burried on the side of a hill at Lieeuwenkuil just over a mile from Klaarwater itself, the first white woman to be buried north of the Orange River¦¦According to L.F.Du Preez, she died of pneumonia.
• Occupation: 10 14 Conraad Buys, in an emotional speech to discredit William is reported to have said "Why do you think Mr Anderson keeps a record of births and deaths among the people (of Griquatown)" This record has not been found.
• William was Joined by Heinrich (Henry) HELM and was a great encouragement to him. The Helms came with 2 sons and later had four more, some of whom married the ANDERSON girls 10 14
• Travel: Abt 1815, Klaarwater (Griquarown). 10 14 Robert Moffat was keen to visit the Tswana and together with William and Johanna, and their six children travelled to Lattakoo near the Kuruman river They saw the recently completed church as well as the thatched mud houses of the READ's and HAMILTON's¦¦There was also an irrigation ditch which led water from the Kuruman river 3 miles away.
• Travel: Feb 1820, Griquastad, Cape Colony, Southern Africa. 10 11 14 Late in February 1820 William and Johanna, with 3 months old Bartholomew Ebenezer in her arms, finally left Griquatown to the goodby waves of the Helms and about 200 residents, mostly church members¦¦They went first to Zuurbraak in 1821 and to Pacaltsdorp in January 1822.
• Occupation: 1821-1822, Zuurbraak, Cape Colony, Southern Africa. 10 14 William was sent to Zuurbraak mission to sort out difficulties said to be due mainly to the failure of Johanna's brother-in-law Johannes Seidenfaden to run things properly, but whilst there Dr.Philip of the LMS offered him the chance to go to the mission at Pacaltsdorp to assist Johann Messer who had replaced Carl Pacalt the first LMS missionary to the Outeniqua Khoikhoi in 1813, and had only been there for 2 years when William arrived on the 17 Jan 1822.
• Historical: Jun 19, 1825, Pacaltsdorp South Africa. 10 14 Dr¦¦John Philip, LMS representative, officially opened the great stone church with its massive Norman style tower, which had taken only 18 months to complete¦¦Roger Edwards, an artisan missionary is credited with having overseen the actual building construction, whilst William was the Minister in charge and of course responsible for the overall project
• Historical: 1830, Pacaltsdorp South Africa. 10 11 14 Robert Moffat, his wife and their 9 year old Mary, visited William and Johanna and told of the tribal battles they had endured around Griquatown and the Kuruman mission¦¦Mary, who had been born at Griquatown, was still to meet David Livingstone, her future husband.
They were married in Kuruman by the Rev.P¦¦Lemue on the 9 Jan 1845
• Alt. Birth: Dec 1, 1840, Pacaltsdorp South Africa. 10 14 According to the source, he celebrated his 70th birthday, which was to be the day when all slaves in the Colony were to be freed¦¦This makes a year difference in his previously quoted birth date of 1 Dec 1769¦¦The Emancipation Act was only pased much later in 1833¦¦In a later reference (p188) he died a few months short of his 83rd birthday, which would confirm the date as 1 Dec¦¦1769.
• Cemetery: Sep 24, 1852, Pacaltsdorp South Africa. 10 14 He is burried next to his wife Johanna in a small cemetery not far from the old stone church¦¦His epitaph is inscribed in Dutch, at his own request, whilst that of Johanna is in English.
• Historical: 1813-1839, Pacaltsdorp South Africa. 12 Pacaltsdorp Missionary Institution Memorandum includes William Anderson's Register of Marriages cotaining 209 entries.
There is also a Register of Deaths between 1814 and 1821and a Register of Births (no dates given)
• Death: Sep 24, 1852, Pacaltsdorp South Africa. 12 He was burried next to his beloved wife Johanna and the inscription on his tombstone is in Dutch (as opposed to English on hers) and is translated as follows:- "In memory of the Revd¦¦William Anderson¦¦Born in London on the 1st of December 1769 and died at Pacaltsdorp on the 24th of September 1852¦¦He came as a Missionary to South Africa in the year 1800 and laboured with diligence and faithfulness for 21 years among the nativesn on both sides of the Orange River¦¦In the year 1822 he came to this place where his faithful and untiring work wascrowned with great prosperity¦¦After a long life dedicated to the service of God and the welfare of his fellow-men he departed this world in peace in expectation of the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life."
• Historical: 15 For information on the formatiom of the L.M.S¦¦See the photo display for William Anderson
• Historical: Maria Johanna Schonken married William Anderson in 1806¦¦Her mother was Elizabeth van Ellewee, whose paternal grandfather was Johannes van Ellewee, married to Maria du Plessis (b.1702)¦¦Maria's grandfather was Jean du Plessis (1548-1640) of Poitiers, France¦¦His paternal grandmother was Guionne de Laval, whose father was Guillaume de Montmorency¦¦This was a noble French family which you can trace back the patrilineal line sixteen generations to Bouchard de Montmorency (957-1020), whose father was Alberic of England, son of Edward I, son of Alfred the Great (and you can go back further to the kings of Wessex in the seventh century!)¦¦
Clear as mud, you say¦¦Well, it's all on my family tree, which you can read on <http://trees.ancestry.co.uk/tree/19913420/family?fpid=876409813> if they will let you at ancestry.co.uk <http://ancestry.co.uk/>
-- Best wishes,
Prof Dr Allan Anderson
• Missing Event:
William married Johanna Maria SCHONKEN,1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 daughter of Bartholomeus SCHONKEN 3 4 10 11 16 and Elizabeth Maria VAN ELLEWEE,3 on Aug 17, 1806 in Anglican Church, Cape Town, Southern Africa.1 3 4 7 Johanna was born on Jul 22, 1777 in Stellenbosch, South Africa,1 3 4 was christened on Jul 27, 1777, died on Jun 22, 1848 in Pacaltsdorp, South Africa1 7 aged 70, and was buried in Pacaltsdorp, South Africa.
Marriage Notes:William and Johanna Maria were married in the Anglican Church [possibly St George's Cathedral]. 7
Noted events in their marriage were:
• Alt Marriage: Aug 17, 1806, Cape Town South Africa. 17 Biographies DSAB and SESA says marriage was in the DRC (Dutch Reformed Church)
• Alt Marriage: 17 Marriage in the Dutch Reformed Church is confirmed in Archives and Records of the Cape by Graham Botha.
Noted events in her life were:
• Cemetery: Jun 22, 1848, Pacaltsdorp South Africa. 10 14 Though of Dutch and Huguenot descent, her tombstone is inscribed in English¦¦But her husband William's who was buried next to her, was at his request inscribed in Dutch.
• Death: 1848, Pacaltsdorp South Africa. 12 The Source contains a photo of Johanna's Headstone that has an inscription that reads " To the memory of Johanna Maria, wife of William Anderson¦¦She was born on July 22nd 1777¦¦Shining in all the graces of a Christian, She discharged with fidelity every duty and prayerfully sought to improve every opportunity of usefulness among her fellow creatures till she fell asleep in Jesus on the 22nd of June 1848." A quotation from Rev 14 vs 13 followed Later I.F.Du Preez writes that it was her husband William who wrote the beautiful tribute inscribed on her headstone.
Children from this marriage were:
+ 2 M i. William Bartholomew ANDERSON 1 7 was born on Oct 3, 1807 in Griquastad, Cape Colony, Southern Africa,1 4 7 was christened on May 7, 1808 in Tulbagh, Cape Colony, Southern Africa,7 and died on Jan 9, 1810 in Cape Town, Cape Colony, Southern Africa1 aged 2.
+ 3 M ii. Johannes Edward ANDERSON 18 was born on Jul 24, 1809 in Cape Town, Cape Colony, Southern Africa,1 4 7 was christened on Aug 6, 1809 by Rev.Mr. Maiyor In Cape Town, Cape Colony, Southern Africa,1 4 7 12 and died in 19051 4 7 aged 96.
+ 4 F iii. Maria Elizabeth ANDERSON 1 4 5 7 was born on Mar 26, 1811 in Cape Town, Cape Colony, Southern Africa,1 4 7 was christened on Apr 14, 1811 by Rev. Mr. Maiyor In Cape Town, Cape Colony, Southern Africa,1 4 7 12 died on Jul 8, 1900 in Wyders River, District Riversdale, Cape Colony, Southern Africa5 aged 89, and was buried in Family Grave, Wyders River..19
+ 5 F iv. Catherine Helena ANDERSON 1 4 7 was born on Sep 9, 1812 in Klaarwater, Griquatown South Africa,1 4 7 20 was christened in 1812 by Rev. Mr. Maiyor In Cape Town, Cape Colony, Southern Africa, died on Sep 7, 1896 in Zuurbraak, Cape Colony, Southern Africa20 aged 83, and was buried in Missionaries Acre, Zuurbraak.19
+ 6 F v. Johanna Maria Williamina ANDERSON 1 4 6 7 8 21 was born on Dec 30, 1813 in Griquastad, Cape Colony, Southern Africa,1 2 4 6 7 8 19 21 was christened in 1813 by Rev. Mr. Maiyor In Cape Town, Cape Colony, Southern Africa, died on Mar 16, 1892 in Zuurbraak, Cape Colony, Southern Africa1 4 6 7 8 aged 78, and was buried in Missionaries Acre, Zuurbraak.4 19
+ 7 F vi. Willemina Isabella ANDERSON 1 4 7 was born on Nov 8, 1818 in Griquatown South Africa.1 4 7
+ 8 M vii. Rev. Bartholomew Ebenezer ANDERSON 1 4 7 20 22 23 24 25 was born on Nov 25, 1819 in Griquatown South Africa,1 4 7 20 22 died on Sep 19, 1900 in Home Of Son F.W. Anderson, Somerset West, Western Cape South Africa4 7 20 22 aged 80, and was buried in 1900 in Oudtshoorn South Africa..12 20
+ 9 M viii. George Peterus ANDERSON was born on Mar 11, 1822 in George, Cape Colony, Southern Africa, was christened on May 12, 1822 in Pacaltsdorp South Africa,20 and died on Jun 1, 1823 in Pacaltsdorp, District George, Cape Colony, Southern Africa aged 1.
+ 10 M ix. Boezak Platjes ANDERSON 20 was christened on Sep 21, 1829 in Pacaltsdorp South Africa.20
1. Dr. D. F. du Toit MALHERBE, Family Register of a South African Nation (Third Edition published by TEGNIEK STELLENBOSCH, 1966.
This is a wonderful source of clues on specific families, but all data in the publication needs to be verified with Original Sources.), ANDERSON Extract - Page 17. Cit. Date: Oct 7, 2002.
2. Dr. D. F. du Toit MALHERBE, Family Register of a South African Nation (Third Edition published by TEGNIEK STELLENBOSCH, 1966.
This is a wonderful source of clues on specific families, but all data in the publication needs to be verified with Original Sources.), HELM Extract - Page 421. Cit. Date: Oct 7, 2002.
3. Dr. D. F. du Toit MALHERBE, Family Register of a South African Nation (Third Edition published by TEGNIEK STELLENBOSCH, 1966.
This is a wonderful source of clues on specific families, but all data in the publication needs to be verified with Original Sources.), SCHONKEN Extract - Page 905. Cit. Date: Oct 7, 2002.
4. Janet Melville, Stamboom van ANDERSON, William . Rec. Date: 10th October 2002.
5. South African Government Papers, Cape Death Notice, KAB MOOC 6/9/408/2966 of 1900 for Maria Elizabeth ANDERSON. Cit. Date: Oct 14, 2002.
6. South African Government Papers, Cape Death Notice, KAB MOOC 6/9/304/1050 of 1892 for Johanna Eilhamina HELM née ANDERSON. Cit. Date: Oct 14, 2002.
7. J. A. Heese & R.J.T. Lombard, South African Genealogie (SAG), a set of volumes being produced, augmented and maintained by the Genealogical Institute of South Africa (GISA) in Stellenbosch.
, ANDERSON - Vol 1 page 63. Cit. Date: Oct 15, 2002.
8. J. A. Heese & R.J.T. Lombard, South African Genealogie (SAG), a set of volumes being produced, augmented and maintained by the Genealogical Institute of South Africa (GISA) in Stellenbosch.
, Vol 3 Page 287. Cit. Date: Oct 15, 2002.
9. Bible (Pocket) (Printed 1684).
10. Peter S. Anderson, Weapons of Peace: The Story of William and Johanna Anderson. (Published by Logos Production House, Unit 1011-1012, Fo Tan Industrial Centre, 26-28 Au Pui Wan St., Fo Tan, Shatin, N.T. Hong Kong. Tel:2687-0331 Fax; (852) 2687-0281.
First English Edition May 1995 Copyright 1995 by Peter S. Anderson.
ISBN 962-457-091-4). Rec. Date: Aug 9, 2003.
11. T.A.Anderson, The Story of Pacaltsdorp and Some Reminiscences (Made and Printed by Long & Co. (Pty) Ltd.
297 Kempston Road, Port Elizabeth.
Authors Note April 1957). Rec. Date: Aug 9, 2003.
12. I.F.Du Preez Ed.D, From Mission Station to Municipality (Published by the Municipality of Pacaltsdorp March 1987.
Copy donated by Bill Elliot Anderson in 2005).
13. Mary MOFFAT Museum.
14. PN Thompson, Notebook.
15. London Missionary Society Archives (Records are kept at the Society for Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) Kings College, London. Permission to view certain documents is requird from the).
16. PAMA I & II.
17. Family Trees.
18. Alice Kitching, Nil (Records started on 11 October 1883), Scrap Book started in 1883.
19. Herbert H. HELM and Charles W. HELM, THE HELM FAMILY HISTORY (jANUARY 1999, 91 pages, limited distribution.).
20. Ancestors of Bill Elliot Anderson (Produced by Legacy on 6 Sep 2005 at request of Bill Elliot Anderson).
21. J. A. Heese & R.J.T. Lombard, South African Genealogie (SAG), a set of volumes being produced, augmented and maintained by the Genealogical Institute of South Africa (GISA) in Stellenbosch.
, HELM - Vol 3 page 289. Cit. Date: Oct 15, 2002.
22. South African Government Papers, Cape Death Notice, KAB MOOC 6/9/413/3694 of 1900 for Bartholomew Ebenezer ANDERSON. Cit. Date: Oct 14, 2002.
23. South African Government Papers, Cape Death Notice, KAB MOOC 6/9/1537/3711 of 1919 for Janet Catherine ADAMS née ANDERSON. Cit. Date: Oct 14, 2002.
24. South African Government Papers, Cape Death Notice, KAB MOOC 6/9/1922/495 of 1921 for Ebenezer Thomas ANDERSON. Cit. Date: Oct 14, 2002.
25. South African Government Papers, Cape Death Notice, KAB MOOC 6/9/266/502 of 1889 for Georgina Johanna EDMEADES née ANDERSON. Cit. Date: Oct 15, 2002.